I have often wondered, what is a pilgrimage and why does the whole concept continue to draw me so? I ponder, why do people make pilgrimages? What is it about walking long distances to a sacred site that is so appealing to so many people, myself included?
“Faith is not the clinging to a shrine but an endless pilgrimage of the heart.” ~ Abraham Joshua Heschel
There are many reasons given why people chose to go on pilgrimage, from the secular to the sacred. Many people can't even verbalize why it draws them, they just know that it is so. The Mystery is indeed difficult to explain, isn't it? The stirring and the longing is there and we don't really know why. But we know we must go, and find out.
For those of us who seek to explain "what is a pilgrimage?" the parallels between the physical journey and the spiritual journey are hard to ignore. Here is my attempt to put into words some of my thoughts and feelings regarding the subject. I hope you join me in my "wanderings" as I open to the possibilities, that indeed, while the physical accomplishment of the pilgrimage is important to me, if I take a closer look, there is so much more!
When we compare the metaphorical journey of the outer (physical) vs inner (spiritual) pilgrimage, there is always the expectation of a destination, whether it be a physical destination to a sacred site, or the illusive "Enlightenment," "Christ Consciousness," "Oneness with God," or however you chose to describe the soul's yearning to connect with the Divine.
If you chose to believe that the spiritual path is linear, you must hold some sort of destination in mind. I believe that quite the opposite is true. Spiritual travel is non-linear. In fact, I believe that it is circular, although, perhaps the circles of travel may spiral "upward," or to a higher state of consciousness, being, and connectedness (whatever that may mean to you.)
While it is in our nature to wonder what would have happened if we chose a different path in life, I believe that the Divine presents us multiple opportunies to make a better, more conscious and holy choice. When we approach a juncture or a crossroads in the inner journey, it often feels familiar. Spiritual travel feels circular, when you say to yourself, "Do I have to go through this again?" or "Why am I always finding myself in this situation?" We are presented many opportunities to learn the same lesson, aren't we?
In her book, "Illuminating the Way", Christine Valtners-Painter describes this phenomenon as moving in circles, "spiraling again and again to familiar places from new perspectives." I love her description of this metaphor. The spiritual journey requires repeated circles, each time seeing the situation with new eyes until the lesson is learned!
Yes, spiritual lessons are born of repetitions. Perhaps then, the outer, more linear journeys are only symbolic of what we hope to achieve in our spiritual lives. The spiritual journey is not linear. In order to change our inner hearts, we must circle back to the same metaphorical place over and over until we imprint the meaning in our very bones. This is what calls us to the linear, physical pilgrimage over and over again, perhaps? This meaning of "what is a pilgrimage?" feels true to me.
I must therefore ponder: Does the physical journey, the very act of walking help us with the imprinting of the lesson? Is the physical journey there to help us focus on the inner task at hand? Is it there to create the necessary movement and the space from our so-called "real" life that we may indeed journey into ourselves to get down to the heart of the matter? Is the physical pilgrimage inviting us yet again into this subliminal space to see with new eyes and hearts?
I have always believed that moving the physical body, opens us in such a way that we are more receptive to all things spiritual. I am a yoga teacher, after all! In a pilgrimage, the mere movement through walking creates the internal and cellular energy for the change. The metaphor of moving forward allows for the "embodiment" of the lesson, so to speak.
When we move our bodies, we move our spirits. When all our focus is on flowing movements, we are open to the possibility of transformation. I know this sounds "New Age-y." However, to put it in more Christian terms, the physical body is the container for the soul. The Christ-in-us. The premier example of embodiment of Spirit is indeed, when God became flesh, or as Christine Valtners-Paintner says even more explicitly, "God became tender flesh."
In addition, the long-distance movement breaks down our defenses as the body tires, the mind tires, and revelations come at the edge. When we are only with ourselves for long, moving periods of time, there is little place to hide. We get to know ourselves in ways that we have never seen before on the pilgrim's path. Fellow pilgrims support us and aid our transformations.
The answer to "What is a pilgrimage?" can be looked at in this most mystical way, of using the body through walking, to access the soul ~ Lovely, isn't it?
It would be impossible to look at what is a pilgrimage without taking a look at the adventure itself. Without the adventure piece of it, we may not be drawn to pilgrimage at all! I readily admit this for myself.
However, with a pilgrimage, do we hide behind the concept of adventure so that we have an excuse to begin the journey at all? Is the archetype of seeking adventure a mask for our inner longing to find something that is missing in our lives? Is this what is a pilgrimage?
For me, the answer is a resounding "yes!" The physical pilgrimage attracts me again and again, through the reasons I described above. Yet without the time, effort, hardships and foraying into the unknown, the physical pilgrimage would not have half the attraction. While we all prepare for the worst and hope for the best while on pilgrimage, yet we all love to tell a good story about the mishaps of our pilgrimage traveler adventures! This is the shadow side of what is a pilgrimage, isn't it?
It is, however, through the shared hardship, with other pilgrims along the way, that we further embody the experience. It is in the feeling of the pain, the tribulations, the cultural clashes, the different food, the required physical effort, the rating of hostels, hotels and pensions ~ all this is what bring us together to talk freely and openly, sharing in the adventure.
In order to navigate our inner geography, it also takes time, effort and hardship ~ all the same elements of navigating the outer geography.The two DO go hand-in-hand and have been for time eternal!
If indeed, we need to go on a physical pilgrimage for the inner changes we seek, at what point then, do we arrive at some "Promised Land?" The physical journey on pilgrimages is the allegorical way in which we push ourselves toward the goal. Instead of waiting patiently for any revelations by holding the unknown, we create goals of achievement to comfort us into believing that the arrival at the end is all that is required of us. When we do an actual walking pilgrimage, the physical walking and arrival at the destination achieves this for us.
Cynthia Bourgeault says it in Mystical Hope: Trusting in the Mercy of God, "As the manuscript makes clear, the land promised to the saints is reached not only in physical space, but simultaneously in inner space through the journey or moral and spiritual purification that prepares the way for the eventual opening of the eye of the heart." This dual purpose of pilgrimage, where our inner hearts can be transformed, necessitates that we learn to see in a new way, through the eyes of love and compassion.
This journey of pilgrimage traveling, waiting, longing and holding the unknown can take us into dark and tortuous places. The meaning of "what is a pilgrimage?" carries the dark as well as the light.
It is good for me to remind myself that seeking is part of the journey, as is the impatience and confusion too. The places of the heart are difficult to open to and require yielding.
St Brendan, the Navigator, a saint of Irish yore is believed to have said, "You are the veil that hides the paradise you seek." It is only through yielding to expectations, releasing our own stories that bind us to the past, and any dogmas that we unconsciously hold, that real spiritual travel can ensue.
The concepts of a pilgrim and pilgrimage are archetypes, signifying the physical journey that is outward, as a metaphor for the inner journey of transformation.
When walking on the ancient pilgrimage routes, the Celts believe that encounters with God are more prone to occur as a result of all the souls creating these sacred pathways. It is on these sacred pathways that the veil is thin. This is yet another answer to "what is a pilgrimage?" The longing to travel on the same physical paths where saints and sinners have trod is highly significant, if we pay attention to it.
A true pilgrimage of the heart never arrives at a destination. Perhaps this is why we all yearn to return to the physical pilgrimage pathways again and again. It is here in the thin places, created over time from the intent of thousands of pilgrims, that our encounters with the Divine happen more frequently.
Our desire to go on pilgrimage, I also believe, is because our everyday lives make it almost impossible to disconnect. It is very difficult in our modern-day world to stay with the process of a spiritual path. The hours of contemplation required is tough for soul-searching, let alone the inner pilgrimage process of releasing expectations and yielding to what life brings our way. Letting go of destinations is a tough thing to do in a right-brained, goal-oriented and linear world.
In fact, its been said that the best physical, walking pilgrimage has no destination either! If this is the case, why go on pilgrimage at all? What is a pilgrimage without a destination, without a shrine, without a sacred site and holy place?
I hear again and again from the pilgrimage forums for "The Way," the Camino de Santiago, that most often pilgrims feel a great let-down once they have arrived at the cathedral in Santiago de Comostela. They thought the destination was everything. Pilgrims' emotional reactions prove that this is not the case.
For may reasons, the arrival at the sacred place is disappointing. Many of a pilgrim's sorrows and reflections include the following:
I am sure, you personally have your own reason(s) why ending your pilgrimage is a let down.
Is it possible that we have gotten what is a pilgrimage all wrong?
I offer, that instead of the sacred site itself being the destination, that upon reaching the holy place, it is only the beginning! The destination is the new beginning. The beginning of a new way of being, after having completed the circle once again.
How can you go forward keeping the lessons of the pilgrimage in your heart? I suggest that we all commit to the following.
All the effort of a physical pilgrimage, leads us back, once again, to the discovery and rediscovery that the Mystery was with us and within us all along. It is through the outer geography of travel through a walking pilgrimage that changes in the inner geography of the heart are made possible.
At the heart of the matter, is that most times the inner change only comes with the change in scenery, the mixing it up, leaving our comforts of our known world, removing ourselves from the entrainment in our mundane worlds, where new discoveries become possible. And perhaps all we did initially was set out on an adventure!
May all your own thoughts and contemplations on 'what is a pilgrimage?" for you be stirred after reading this, and may you approach you own pilgrimage with an open heart, a sense of adventure, and the perseverance needed to start anew when you reach your own sacred site!
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