The Vía de la Plata, or the Ruta de la Plata, is one of the longest pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela, at approximately 1000 km, (620 miles). It is a solitary and deeply historic walk, used for the movement of goods and conquering armies since before the Romans built this paved road from the southwestern reaches of the Iberian peninsula to its northern shores.
"I’m never less at leisure than when at leisure, or less alone than when alone." ~ Scipio Africanus (236 BC – 183 BC), famous Roman General
The Vía de la Plata, or alternatively known by the locals as the Ruta de la Plata, actually begins in Sevilla and ends at Astorga, (see our map below) for a total south to north distance of about 702 kilometers. It is in Astorga along the French Way where the pilgrim must walk west into Santiago along the Camino Francés, for the final 283 kilometers.
However, almost all route descriptions of the Vía de la Plata are referring to the alternative route from Granja de Moreruela, about 95 kilometers south of Astorga that heads in a more northwesterly, diagonal direction and onward through Ourense to Santiago de Compostela.
The route alternative from Granja de Moreruela is known as the Camino Sanabrés because it passes through the region of Sanabria. This is the route that most pilgrims take, including my group. There is only a few kilometers difference between the northerly route through Astorga to SdC and the Camino Sanabrés.
The Sanabrés is considered to be more scenic by most, but that is always a matter of preference. It is also debatable which route is more difficult as both routes travel through the Cantabrian mountains. There may be more consistent day-to-day elevation changes on the Sanabrés as it goes up and over the Montes de León, a section of the Cantabrian mountains.
Most certainly the Sanabrés sees fewer pilgrims, so that could also be a major factor in your decision-making, as it always is for me!
This camino is also known as the Camino Mozárabe, from Mozárab, a Spanish word derived from Arabic, meaning a Christian who lived in Spain during the Moorish rule. In the southern areas you will encounter wayarks, with Spanish and Arabic! How unique and interesting is that?
And finally, to add to the confusion, but the most appropriate nomenclature for our walk, the Way between Salamanca and Santiago via the Camino Sanabrés is also known as the Camino Fonseca. This section was called the Camino Fonseca after Don Alonso de Fonseca y Acevedo III, a 16th century Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela.
Don Alonso de Fonseca also established colleges in both Santiago and Salamanca. He was educated at the University of Salamanca and is buried in the city. You can see his statue in the central courtyard of the Fonseca College University Library, adjacent to the Cathedral in Santiago!
While I have never heard this camino called the Camino Fonseca, perhaps it is more locally known as such. This Camino Fonseca, is the exact Camino that I chose to do, leading a small group of four, with our starting point in Salamanca.
Here is a photo of the four of us, by the famous Casa de las Conchas, adjacent to the cathedral, the official start of the Camino Fonseca in Salamanca.
For various reasons, our group chose the Camino Fonseca, about one-half of the Ruta de la Plata, for a total of 492 kilometers (306 miles). This route is not a small feat as you shall see, if you read on! For us, it took 22 days, with 2 additional days for resting.
If you plan to walk the entire Vía de la Plata, you should plan on no fewer than 36 days, but only if you are a strong walker, you require no rest days and you are willing to do many days over 30 kilometers, and up to 38 on occasion. Otherwise, count on 40 or so days.
My intent is to one day return and complete the initial, more difficult and solitary portion from Sevilla to Salamanca, with its longer stages and less support services. We managed to keep our stages on the Camino from Salamanca to a less strenuous maximum of 32 km, and that was only one day. Our average was closer to 24 kilometers/day, a more manageable amount for our group.
Here is our map of the entire Vía de la Plata, created from GPS tracks and uploaded to Google maps. The route we walked, the Camino Fonseca is designated in blue and is from our actual walking tracks.
To this map I have added sections and variations that we did not walk, in orange. These routes were created from the GPS tracks of others on Wikiloc, for the sake of clarity and information. I cannot guarantee the accuracy of someone else's tracks, as the Camino is an ever-changing phenomenon.
The translation of the Spanish word "Plata" means "Silver." However, this is a misnomer as there is nothing in the history of this route that has to do with the metal, silver. According to most online resources,* the name La Plata is derived from the Arabic word B´lata or Balata, which in Arabic means paved road.
While there is evidence that this long route was used even before the Romans by farmers moving domestic animals and goods, it wasn't until the Romans that an official road was established. Because of this, it has also been suggested that the name for this route was derived from the Latin word, "Lapidata” which also means stone road.
As we know, the Romans were marvelous engineers and built lasting roads and bridges sufficient to move their mighty armies, to conquer and maintain control of many lands. It was Scipio Africanus the Elder, from the above quote, who was a successful and celebrated Roman general that conquered Spain with meager forces. He is most famous for being ultimately responsible for defeating the Carthaginian general, Hannibal Barca, at the momentous Battle of Zama, in 202 BC.
The first paved road, the Via de la Plata, was built by the Romans, extending from Cádiz on the south coast, through Seville (Hispalis) and Mérida (Emerita Augusta) to the gold mines in Las Médulas (region of Asturias) and to Asturica Augusta (Astorga), far to the north. Its purpose was clearly to move the gold metal, so perhaps it should have been called the "Gold Way," or the Vía del Oro!
Eventually other goods, metals and armies moved along the same Vía. Indeed, after the fall of the Roman empire, the Moors and the Spanish used this same route for the same purposes; for conquest and the movement of goods and services.
After the Spanish Reconquest from the Moors, this Way became an established pilgrimage route, increasing in popularity during the medieval times, so this Camino is also rich in medieval history. The tourist town of Puebla de Sanabria is a good place for a rest day, along the Sanabrés as you enjoy its medieval fortifications and wonderful vistas from the rampart walls.
To this day the Spanish modern highways, the A-66 and the N-630 parallel this route for the movement of people, goods and services. However surprisingly, today, only about 3% of all pilgrims to Santiago, walk the Silver Way, as the Pilgrim's Office Statistics in Santiago shows.*Additional Resources:
In its 1000 kilometers, the Vía de la Plata travels through four distinct regions as it crosses from south to north, Andalucía, Extremadura, Castilla y León and finally, Galicia. You will encounter many different climates, depending on the altitude you are walking through, as well as the season.
It is generally advised to start this route in the spring months of March, April and May, or October in the fall. This strategy avoids Andalucía and Extremadura where the temps in the summer can easily exceed 100 degrees (38 Centigrade) and higher. Pilgrims have actually died of heat exposure in recent years, so the risk is not to be taken lightly.
The winter months in the southern regions can be quite mild but with a higher likelihood of rain. Many pilgrims prefer the solitude of walking in the winter months, however this does not apply to the already solitary Ruta de la Plata. Because of the paucity of pilgrims, many services and albergues close down from November to March, so plans to walk then must be thoroughly researched.
For me it seems optimal that you would start in early spring and as you walk northward, you would follow the warming of the respective regions, never getting too hot. However, we chose to start on October 2nd, giving us plenty of quite warm weather during the day, but with mostly cool nights.
For more excellent weather information regarding travel in Spain, click this link to aid you in your planning.
The topography also varies immensely along the Ruta de la Plata. From the high plains of Andalucía in the south, with its Mediterranean scrub, olive trees and vineyards, to the endless pastureland of the Extremadura, the mixed forests of the higher altitude central mountains, and the endless fields of grain after Salamanca, the Vía de la Plata is ever changing on its course northward. High, hot and dry describe this landscape the best.
And finally, in the higher, cooler and wetter climate of the mountains of Galicia, the pine forests and alpine landscapes predominate.
Which climate is the most enjoyable or the most conducive to walking, can only be decided by you, as all landscapes have something to offer, if respected for its uniqueness.
The waymarking, while less frequent than more traveled Caminos, is adequate, as described in the literature from Sevilla to Salamanca, and after Salamanca, from my own personal experience. There are unique markings as you go from municipality to municipality, as in all parts of Spain. There are also the ubiquitous yellow arrows.
In addition to the lovely pillars shown above, with Arabic script that appear between Salamanca and Granja de Moreruela, here is an extraordinary pillar that includes the pilgrim's staff and gourd. You will see several of these near Salamanca.
Below is common signage announcing the towns you are entering along the Way. This sign, at the church in the center of town, right beside the pilgrim's albergue, also announces the place of the bifurcation of the Caminos via Astorga and Ourense. There is also a sweet pilgrim's blessing.
In the province of Castilla y León, these concrete waymarks predominate.
Upon entering the region of Galicia, very unique carved waymarks appear. Here is one below, that sits below the traditional concrete one. It is difficult to judge by their appearance, which waymark is older.
Each carved waymark in Galicia is totally unique as you can see from this one below. It took someone a lot of time and effort to do this work, and it adds a wonderful element of mystique to the Camino. My sense is that these carvings are quite old! What a sweet addition these waymarks are!
I hope this brief introduction has tempted you to consider this glorious walk! If so, may your own Camino on the Vía de la Plata be filled with both leisure and solitude. Ultreia!
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