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Salamanca
~ A Spanish Historic, University Town and the Beginning of the Camino Fonseca (Vía de la Plata)

Salamanca is a wonderful town, famous for establishing the very first university in Spain in the early 13th century. It is full of amazing history, art and architecture, for which you could spend many days exploring. 

In the words of Miguel de Unamuno, a famous Salamancan, he describes the city as follows:

"Es una fiesta para los ojos y para el espíritu
Ver la ciudad como poso del cielo en la tierra de las aguas del Tormes."

"It’s a feast for the eyes and soul
To see the city as a place of heaven in the land of the waters of the Tormes."


~ Miguel de Unamuno, Turn of the century Spanish essayist, novelist, poet, playwright, philosopher, professor of Greek and Classics, and later rector at the University of Salamanca


Accommodation in Salamanca

For us, Salamanca was at the end of our Camino Teresiano and the beginning of our Camino Fonseca on the Camino de Santiago. The Camino Fonseca is a special name for the Vía de la Plata from Salamanca to Santiago de Compostela, named after Don Alonso de Fonseca y Acevedo III, a 16th century Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela. He also established colleges in both Salamanca and Santiago and is famous in both towns. 

If you are looking for accommodation in Salamanca, click here. There are many, many choices of places to stay, including the municipal Albergue de Peregrinos, Casa la Calera if you area pilgrim and have a credential. We stayed at the Apartamentos Gran Vía, which was very economical for our party of four.

There are two other private albergues, including the Albergue Revolutum Hostel, steps from the cathedral and the Albergue Juvenil Salamanca, also close to the center. There many inexpensive hostals, if you click on the Salamanca booking.com link to check out the current deals. 

The Cathedral Complex

Below is a photo of our first grand look at the Cathedral Complex as we walked into town along the Río Tormes, on the Camino Natural Via de la Plata, and eventually where we joined the Vía de la Plata by the Roman bridge. It was a fantastic sight, even on this cloudy afternoon.

Cathedral of Salamanca from the Río TormesCathedral of Salamanca from the Río Tormes

The Cathedral Complex dominates the skyline and it is fitting to show you photos of it first on a tour of this amazing town.  Here I am as we entered the town from the south, via the pedestrian way on the old Roman bridge. The cathedral you can see behind me. 

Elle, the pilgrimage traveler on the old Roman Bridge, SalamancaElle on the Roman Bridge

We arrived in the afternoon and shot photos of the Western façade and door of the New Cathedral as the late afternoon sun broke through the clouds and lit it up. The intricacy of the carvings from this era were wonderful in the sunlight. 

Catedral Nueva de Salamanca, West DoorCatedral Nueva de Salamanca, West Door

There are two cathedrals in the complex, side-by-side, the new and the old. Fortunately, the builders of the Catedral Nueva found it appropriate to build it right next to the old, sharing a wall and preserving the amazing Catedral Vieja which is now a museum. 

Here is the New Cathedral side at night, a wondrous sight indeed. 

Catedral Nueva de SalamancaCatedral Nueva de Salamanca

Salamanca Environs

We did not tour the cathedral until the following day, but instead walked around in the late afternoon to see some of the other wonders of Salamanca. We wanted to save the cathedral for the next full day when we had more time to linger. 

We first visited the small and insignificant Church of Santiago, built in the 12th century in the Romanesque style. It can be seen immediately at the end of the Roman bridge, if you are walking into the city from the south on the Vía de la Plata, pictured next. Unfortunately it was remodeled, but its history and original form were not preserved. The plaza in front of it is being used as a skate park.  

Iglesia de Santiago de SalamancaIglesia de Santiago de Salamanca

Here is another shot of the Roman bridge. It is the southern gateway to the center of Salamanca, originally built in the 1st century with embellishments and improvements up to and including the 17th century. If you are not walking into the city on the Vía de la Plata, you still must see this bridge! It is a lovely pedestrian way. 

Puente Romano de Salamanca, SpainPuente Romano de Salamanca

From the Roman bridge we walked along the river on the north side, to see sections of the old Roman wall. The glass-windowed structure above the wall, is the interesting looking Casa Lis Art Deco Museum. While seeing this museum was not our priority, if you wish to see it, you access it on its north side. If you are on the Vía de la Plata, you will walk right by it on the way to the municipal Albergue de Peregrinos Casa la Calera.

Casa Lis Art Deco Museum, Salamanca, SpainCasa Lis Art Deco Museum

Just beyond the Art Deco Museum are fantastic sections of the Roman wall, like I picture next. You can see the lookout on the top of the wall, the fenced in area. If you are staying in the municipal albergue, this lookout is just to the east, accessed through a lovely, walled, orchard garden, called the Huerto de Calixto y Melibea.

Roman Wall, with lookout above, in Salamanca, SpainRoman Wall, With Lookout Above

We actually did walk through this garden, and to the lookout on top. Here is the Roman wall from the garden lookout viewpoint. The garden is a bit of paradise in the middle of the city.

Top of Roman Wall Lookout in Salamanca, SpainTop of Roman Wall Lookout

Continuing our late afternoon walk around the wall, to the east of the cathedral complex we came to the Plaza del Concilio de Trento and the pedestrian bridge to the Convento de San Esteban, shown below. The 13th century Dominican convent is open to the public, so click on the link for visiting hours and more information. The scene above the door of the church depicts the martyrdom of St. Stephen. 

Convento de San Esteban, Salamanca, SpainConvento de San Esteban

The following morning, when we walked toward the cathedral complex, from the north, we took the Calle Palominos, and behold, this lovely view of the Iglesia de la Clerecía came into view. I had to snap a photo in the early morning light!

Calle Palominos, View of Iglesia de la ClerecíaCalle Palominos, View of Iglesia de la Clerecía

Part of the University of Salamanca complex, the Iglesia de la Clerecía, shown below left, is a historic Baroque church in which you can climb its bell towers for sweeping views of the city.

Just across the street from the church is the famous Casa de las Conchas, below right. It is a palace built in the 15th century in the Gothic, Mudejar and Renaissance styles, and is unique in that it is covered in more than 300 shells. Whether the builder was a Camino de Santiago lover, or paying tribute to his greatest love whose family's symbol of nobility bore the scallop shell, no one will ever know for sure. 

Iglesia de la Clerecía, Salamanca, SpainIglesia de la Clerecía
Casa de las Conchas, Salamanca, SpainCasa de las Conchas

Here is a close-up look at the Casa de las Conchas and you can easily see its uniqueness. 

Casa de las Conchas, Salamanca, SpainCasa de las Conchas

The House of Shells is now the home of the Salamanca public library. The inner courtyard is the main attraction and the view from the second story. As you circumnavigate the courtyard, the towers of the Iglesia de la Clerecía dominate the view, show below. You may also be able to see the tops of the columns in the photo, lined with gargoyles.

You can click on the official link for the library, the Biblioteca Pública de Salamanca, for opening hours if you want to see this upper story courtyard view and to see the inside of what once was a 15th century palace. 

View of the Torres de la Clerecía From the Public Library CourtyardView of the Torres de la Clerecía From the Public Library Courtyard

The best view of the towers of the church, the Torres de la Clerecía, is shown in close-up in this next photo. 

Close-Up of Torres de la Clerecía, from inside the Public Library courtyard in Salamanca, SpainClose-Up of Torres de la Clerecía

Nueva Catedral de Salamanca

Immediately after visiting the public library, we went on to the New Cathedral. For much information including visiting hours of the cathedral complex, click here

The Catedral Nueva was built from 1513 to 1765, over more than two centuries and it is an architectural marvel. The next photos that I took of the new cathedral, were taken from this upper catwalk shown below. In my opinion, this was the most impressive viewing area to gape at its wonders. Be sure to find this catwalk and take a stroll along it! I was grateful it was allowed. 

Cathedral of Salamanca CatwalkCathedral Catwalk

Here is the central nave, overlooking the choir and to the main altar. 

Central Nave, New CathedralCentral Nave, New Cathedral from the Catwalk
Choir from the Balcony, New CathedralNew Cathedral Choir from the Catwalk
Side Aisle from Balcony, New CathedralSide Aisle from the Catwalk

The photos to follow were taken from the cathedral ground floor. Below left is a ground floor view of the same choir. 

When you stand below the central dome, below right, it invokes nothing but awe. My photo does not do it justice. This rotunda is in the tower that marks the central point of the two transepts of the new cathedral. It is the prominent round tower you see from the outside.

Choir, New Cathedral of SalamancaChoir, New Cathedral of Salamanca
Central Dome, New Cathedral of SalamancaCentral Dome, New Cathedral

In my opinion, the main altar was not all that impressive, below left, in comparison to the overall grandeur of the rest of the cathedral. And below right, is the gigantic organ which was impressive.

High Altar, New Cathedral of SalamancaHigh Altar, New Cathedral of Salamanca
Organo Catedral Nueva de SalamancaOrgano, Catedral Nueva de Salamanca

As expected, along the side isles are many altars. Here are two that grabbed my attention. Below left, is one to both Santiago, on the top of the altarpiece, important to my Camino de Santiago, and on the bottom, St. Teresa, important to my Camino Teresiano. 

In the photo, below right, is the chapel to Our Lady of Sorrows. She was a beautiful image to me. 

Chapel to Santiago and Santa Teresa, Catedral de SalamancaChapel to Santiago and Santa Teresa
Chapel to Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, Cathedral of SalamancaChapel to Nuestra Señora de la Soledad

Vieja Catedral de Salamanca y Museo

Traveling onward within the cathedral complex, a doorway to the back of the new cathedral connects to the Catedral Vieja, or old cathedral. Here is the central nave, as  it appears when you enter this place. In my opinion, I enjoyed the old cathedral more, as it is in a much more intimate setting. 

The old cathedral was built during the 12th and 13th centuries in a simple basilica plan, with three naves and a transept. Here is the central nave.

Central Nave, Old CathedralCentral Nave, Old Cathedral

The altar is amazing. The apse houses a large display of 53 tableaux, depicting the life of Jesus and the Virgin Mary. A fresco of the Final Judgement can be seen above the tableaux. This fresco is famous and is depicted in most literature of the Catedral Vieja. I wish I had a close-up of it, but if you click on the cathedral link, you will see a close-up of it, as well as individual tableaus. 

High Altar, Old CathedralHigh Altar, Old Cathedral

To the left, below, is a close-up of the Gothic-style vaulting of the old cathedral. 

After touring the interior of the Catedral Vieja, we continued on to the cloister, shown below right. The main rotunda of the Catedral Nueva can be seen. 

Vaulting of Central Nave, Old Cathedral in SalamancaVaulting of Central Nave, Old Cathedral
Cloister, Old Cathedral of Salamanca, view of Ieronimos TowerCloister, Old Cathedral

Next we entered the interior chapter houses and its many rooms and chapels. Many were under renovation when we visited. I suppose this is a reason to return!

One of the first images to greet us was no other than Santiago Apostol on the Camino de Santiago, shown below!

Old Cathedral Museum Santiago ApostolOld Cathedral Museum, Santiago Apostol

I was intrigued by his darker-looking skin, and could find no explanation for this. An image of this sculpture is on the the cover of the credential that we received at the municipal albergue in Salamanca, so it was extra special for me. I recognized it immediately.

Just beware that the Pilgrim's Office in Santiago de Compostela did not like this credential, which according to them was not official. If you are on the Camino de Santiago and you want a Compostela, do not rely on this one. They did, however, give me the Compostela and told me I should have known better!

Santiago Apostol close-up, old cathedral museum, SalamancaSantiago Apostol Close-Up

Walking within the cloister chapter rooms, we came to this 16th century altarpiece, the Virgen de la Leche, or the Nursing Madonna, below left. I found this retablo to be very, very unusual. Apparently it wasn't until the very century it was created that these type of images were deemed disrespectful by the church. Prior to this decree breastfeeding images were frequent and popular. I didn't know. Interesting!

On the right is what may be the oldest organ in Europe, according to its placard. 

Virgen de la Leche, Nursing Madonna, Old Cathedral Museum, Salamanca SpainVirgen de la Leche, Nursing Madonna
Oldest Organ in Europe, Old Cathedral Museum, SalamancaOldest Organ in Europe, Old Cathedral

Ieronimus Tower and Rooftop Tour

After concluding our visit to the cathedrals and the museum, we definitely wanted to see the bell tower, called the Ieronimus Tower. In the photo below, I show the entrance to the tower, outside and separate from the cathedral entrance and on the southwest corner. 

Ieronimos Tower Entrance, Old Cathedral, SalamancaIeronimos Tower Entrance

The Ieronimus bell tower was originally built for the old cathedral, and kept to service the new with later improvements. It contains a bell room and a clock. When you climb up to the rooftop, you get many spectacular views of the tower, this one from the catwalk on the old cathedral side. 

Ieronimos Bell Tower, Old Cathedral, SalamancaIeronimos Bell Tower

Our first task was to climb all the way up to the bell room of the tower. Here is Rich, of course, ringing one of the bells, which is surprisingly allowed. From this room, the views are phenomenal, but I did not include any photos which had to be taken through glass and which did not turn out all that well. 

Inside Bell Tower, Old Cathedral, SalamancaRich Ringing the Bell, Inside the Bell Tower, Old Cathedral

Instead, I included these photos from the first level, between the Catedral Nueva, shown here, with the rotunda tower in the middle of the photo, and the Catedral Vieja, with its "Rooster Tower," the Torre de Gallo, just discernible at the top of the tower on the far right. 

Rooftop View of New Cathedral, SalamancaRooftop View of New Cathedral

When I walked out as far as I could between the two towers of the old and new cathedrals, I could photograph this Torre de Gallo closer-up. Unfortunately I did not capture the rooster at the tippy top! 

Torre de Gallo, Old Cathedral Rooftop, SalamancaTorre de Gallo, Old Cathedral Rooftop

From the same spot where I was standing for the above photo, I took this smaller tower photo, with the Torre de Gallo on the right and amazing views to the south of Salamanca and the Río Tormes to the left. 

Rooftop View of Salamanca Towards the River, from the Ieronimos Tower tourRooftop View of Salamanca Towards the River

We followed the catwalk all the way to the northern end of the New Cathedral, to look out over the Plaza de Anaya (where the main entrance to the cathedral is located) and a view to these university buildings, the Iglesia de San Sebastián and the Colegio Mayor de Anaya.

Iglesia de San Sebastián and the Colegio Mayor de Anaya from the Cathedral Rooftop, SalamancaIglesia de San Sebastián and Colegio Mayor de Anaya

Also from this locale, you get a rooftop view of the Iglesia de la Clerecía, shown below. 

According to the placards on the rooftop, you can see all the way to the Plaza Mayor, the main plaza of Salamanca. It is the little hump on the skyline to the right side of the photo below. 

Iglesia de la Clerecía, from the New Cathedral Rooftop, SalamancaIglesia de la Clerecía

Also from the new cathedral rooftop catwalk, you get an up close and personal view of the late Gothic buttresses. If you love cathedrals, this is your tour!

Buttresses on the Rooftop, Old CathedralButtresses on the Rooftop, Old Cathedral

I loved the up close look at the intricate carvings on the New Cathedral smaller towers as well. It is a feast for the eyes. 

Individual Cathedral Tower CarvingsIndividual Cathedral Tower Carvings

University of Salamanca

Since we spent so much time in the cathedrals of Salamanca, our time became limited to see any University buildings. Besides, one can only take in so much at a time!

We did go into the main University square, just across from the cathedral, the Escuelas Mayores de Salamanca, shown below left. Shown here is the façade where the incoming freshmen get to find the infamous and tiny "Salamanca frog" carving. Trust me, it isn't easy to find! You cannot see it in the photo. 

Within this main University square is the statue of Fray Luis de León, below right, a famous 16th century Spanish friar, poet, theologian and academic. 

Escuela Mayores de la Universidad de SalamancaEscuela Mayores de la Universidad de Salamanca
Statue Fray Luis de LeónStatue Fray Luis de León

There are several museums within the main square, the Museo de Salamanca, which includes archaeological and ethnographic collections and the Asociación de Casas-Museo y Fundaciones de Escritores, which is dedicated to museums and writers, and the Unamuno House Museum, the author of the opening quote. Click on the links for more information. 

From the main university square you can access the lesser square through an archway in the far corner, the Escuelas Menores de la Universidad de Salamanca, shown below. This square, built in the 15th century, now serves as a museum. It is within this plaza, on the far side that the famous 15th century mural is located, El Cielo de Salamanca, not pictured. It was too dark inside for me to photograph without special equipment. 

Entrance to see this celestial mural, completed in the 15th century is free and is a must-see. This mural represents a more progressive Renaissance way of thinking, transitioning from astrology to astronomy, and the secular enlightenment that it entailed.

Courtyard, Escuela Menores de la Universidad de SalamancaCourtyard, Escuela Menores de la Universidad de Salamanca

Plaza Mayor

North of the Grand Cathedral Complex, a short 1/2 kilometer walk brings you to the Plaza Mayor. This is the grand central square of Salamanca with buildings on all four sides, and arched entryways from all directions. Surprisingly, there is no central focal point like a statue of a famous person, or a fountain. 

You can actually walk from the Casa de las Conchas, and the large street shell (see next photo) along the Camino de Santiago to the Plaza. This walkway is where the Vía de la Plata comes through the city, and walks north to the Plaza Mayor. The Camino goes through the square and leaves it through the main archway, in the center of the building shown here, as it heads northward. 

Plaza Mayor SalamancaPlaza Mayor Salamanca

Official Start of the Camino Fonseca on the Vía de la Plata

And finally, here is Rich and I, at the "official" start of the Camino Fonseca on the Vía de la Plata in Salamanca, in front of the House of Shells. We posed for this photo the evening before our departure on the Camino de Santiago. We had planned a walk from Salamanca to Santiago de Compostela, along the VdlP and the Camino Sanabrés over the coming weeks. And yes, we completed the journey! (Click on the link to read more about it). We are all smiles before our departure. 

Official Start, Vía de la Plata, SalamancaOfficial Start, Vía de la Plata, Salamanca

Salutation

May you find Salamanca a feast for your eyes and soul, as you walk your own Camino! May it be indeed, your little slice of heaven by the waters of the Tormes!





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